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Employment and Pensions
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) The National Minimum Wage
The National Minimum Wage (NMW) was introduced on 1 April 1999 and is reviewed each year by the Low Pay Commission. From April 2016 the National Living Wage (NLW) has been introduced for workers aged 25 and over.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Statutory Sick, Statutory Maternity and Statutory Paternity Pay
Statutory Sick Pay (SSP), Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP), Statutory Paternity Pay (SPP) and Shared Parental Pay (ShPP) are important regulations to understand as they enforce minimum legal requirements on employers. Each operates in a different way. This factsheet sets out the main principles of the regulations and what an employer needs to consider.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Dismissal Procedures
There have been many changes to employment law and regulations in the last few years. A key area is the freedom or lack of freedom to dismiss an employee.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Recruitment Procedures - Employment Law
Most claims for discrimination in recruitment have no maximum limit. Can your business afford compensation of perhaps £20,000 because you made a simple mistake?
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Redundancy Procedures
There have been many changes to employment law and regulations in the last few years. A key area is the freedom or lack of freedom to make an individual redundant.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Managing Absence
Recent surveys indicate that the adverse impact of absence on business profitability today is significant, with thousands of man hours lost every day. We consider the main principles of effective absence management.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Health and Safety
It is very likely that owners and managers of many smaller businesses are not aware of just how demanding health and safety regulations can be.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Legal Working in the UK
In line with the Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Act 2006, it is a criminal offence to employ anyone who does not have an entitlement to work in the UK, or undertake the type of work you are offering.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Avoiding Charges of Discrimination
Both the nature of the workforce and patterns of work have changed dramatically over recent years and there is now in place a host of legislation designed to protect employees from discrimination. As an employer it is vital that you are fully aware of your obligations and that you take action to implement them across your business.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Age Discrimination
The Equality Act 2010 replaces all previous equality legislation, including the Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006. The Equality Act covers age, disability, gender reassignment, race, religion or belief, sex, sexual orientation, marriage and civil partnership and pregnancy and maternity. These are now called ‘protected characteristics'.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Occupational Pension Schemes: Trustees' Responsibilities
Many employers offer their staff an opportunity to save for their retirement through an occupational (or company) pension scheme. We outline in this factsheet the main responsibilities of occupational pension scheme trustees.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Annual Leave
Under the Working Time Regulations 1998 (as amended) workers are entitled to paid statutory annual leave of 5.6 weeks (28 days if the employee works five days a week), this basic entitlement is inclusive of bank holidays. This annual leave entitlement is now closer to that of workers in other European countries, where holiday allowance is typically more generous. Workers in Ireland are entitled to 29 days; the highest minimum entitlement is in Austria at 38 days.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Redundancy: What Are My Options?
Redundancies usually occur when there are changes in a business, perhaps as a result of a restructure, a loss of a major contract, a site or business closure. In order to be redundant you must have been dismissed and the reason for that dismissal must be redundancy.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Dismissal from Employment
Being dismissed from your job can be a very stressful and emotional time. It is therefore important that if you are unsure about your rights you seek the appropriate advice. Legislation is in place to protect employees and gives you the right not to be unfairly dismissed.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Gardening Leave
Garden leave or “gardening leave” is the name given to a period where an employee has given, or has been given, notice of dismissal and is ordered to serve out the period of notice at home, whilst still receiving their normal salary.
 
Residential Property
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Stamp Duty Land Tax
Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) was introduced on 1 December 2003 and replaced Stamp Duty in respect of land transactions. This factsheet sets out some of the basic things you need to know about the tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Buying Development Land and Making a Profit
As many as 25% of sites have major problems that mean they either cannot be developed or will not make a profit so getting an expert property development solicitor involved, before you purchase the land, is crucial to resolve potential problems or manage any risk. In order to make a profit from buying and developing land there are a number of important factors to take into account.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Property Investment - Buy to Let
In recent years, the stock market has had its ups and downs. Add to this the serious loss of public confidence in pension funds as a means of saving for the future and it is not surprising that investors have looked elsewhere.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Buying a Home Abroad
Buying a property abroad seems to be fast becoming a British obsession. The idea of owning a bolt-hole in the sun is not only viewed as a significant lifestyle choice, but also as an important investment to either bring in a regular income or provide a lump-sum nest egg to supplement retirement.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Boundary Disputes and Rights over Property
Disputes over the position of a boundary or rights over a neighbouring property, are often impossible to resolve to the satisfaction of both parties, and in many residential cases the costs involved in litigating the matter are many times the value of the land involved.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Stopping a Developer in My Back Yard
You’ve found the perfect place to live. You’re happy there, and you don’t want to change, and then a developer comes along and wants to build a new estate (or worse) right next to your home. What can you do to stop it?
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Do I Need Planning Permission?
If you are considering carrying out work on your property, your office or another building that you own the first question to resolve is whether planning permission is needed. If work is done without permission then the ultimate sanction of the local planning authority would be to force you to demolish the building, at your own expense.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Equity Release
The rapid increase in property prices over the last 15 years has led to a huge expansion in the number of home owning pensioners and retirees sitting on large value assets. This has paradoxically come at a time when many pension schemes are failing to deliver the promised returns, and the cost of living is spiralling ever upwards. This is giving rise to the phenomenon of an ‘asset rich, cash poor’ generation.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Encountering Problems with your Estate Agent
Moving house is a momentous - and at times stressful - life event, and many people looking to buy and sell property engage the services of an estate agent to help make the process run as smoothly as possible. Nevertheless, things don't always go according to plan. Buying and selling property represents a significant financial (and emotional) investment, so it is important to put in place measures to reduce the likelihood of any issues arising, and to know where to ...
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas
Listed buildings, and those buildings which stand within a conservation area, are covered by protective legislation. The law stipulates that before certain works or alterations are carried out on any such building, it is necessary to obtain the appropriate consent; failure to do this constitutes a criminal offence.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Considering Timeshare Agreements
Buying a timeshare involves procuring the right to spend a specified period of time in an overseas property, such as a studio apartment or villa within a holiday resort, on an annual basis.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Recovering Possession of residential property against a tenant
As a landlord, you may occasionally find that it is necessary to take action to recover possession of a property against your tenant(s). This factsheet sets out some of the points you should consider, and the action you need to take, when dealing with the sensitive issue of tenant evictions. The information provided is intended for guidance only, and relates to the law currently applying in England and Wales.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Dealing with squatters or trespassers on your land or property
If you discover trespassers or squatters in your property or on your land you will need an order from the court in order to remove them. In cases where the trespasser does not dispute your entitlement to recover possession, the procedure will be straightforward for obtaining the order and recovering possession, but if the trespasser does dispute your entitlement there will be a full hearing before a judge. It is always a good idea to obtain advice when seeking to ...
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Sharing Property with the Elderly
Sharing a property with an elderly relative may seem to be the perfect answer to rising property prices, and concerns over care for the elderly, but people contemplating such an arrangement should be aware of the legal and practical problems which may arise. There are a number of different ways to share property, but an equal number of pitfalls, whether legal, financial or relating to tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Helping Your Children Buy a Home
Many parents seeing their children struggle to buy a house – either through lack of capital for a deposit, or the inability to meet monthly mortgage payments – will want to help. There are many ways in which to offer help, but an equal number of pitfalls, whether legal, financial or relating to tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Affordable Housing
Affordable housing is a general term to cover a variety of government sponsored schemes to help home buyers enter the housing market.
 
Finance
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Stamp Duty Land Tax
Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) was introduced on 1 December 2003 and replaced Stamp Duty in respect of land transactions. This factsheet sets out some of the basic things you need to know about the tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Property Investment - Buy to Let
Investment in property has been and continues to be a popular form of investment by many people. This factsheet summarises the main tax issues.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Equity Release
The rapid increase in property prices over the last 15 years has led to a huge expansion in the number of home owning pensioners and retirees sitting on large value assets. This has paradoxically come at a time when many pension schemes are failing to deliver the promised returns, and the cost of living is spiralling ever upwards. This is giving rise to the phenomenon of an ‘asset rich, cash poor’ generation.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Sharing Property with the Elderly
Sharing a property with an elderly relative may seem to be the perfect answer to rising property prices, and concerns over care for the elderly, but people contemplating such an arrangement should be aware of the legal and practical problems which may arise. There are a number of different ways to share property, but an equal number of pitfalls, whether legal, financial or relating to tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Helping Your Children Buy a Home
Many parents seeing their children struggle to buy a house – either through lack of capital for a deposit, or the inability to meet monthly mortgage payments – will want to help. There are many ways in which to offer help, but an equal number of pitfalls, whether legal, financial or relating to tax.
 
Disputes
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Boundary Disputes and Rights over Property
Disputes over the position of a boundary or rights over a neighbouring property, are often impossible to resolve to the satisfaction of both parties, and in many residential cases the costs involved in litigating the matter are many times the value of the land involved.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Stopping a Developer in My Back Yard
You’ve found the perfect place to live. You’re happy there, and you don’t want to change, and then a developer comes along and wants to build a new estate (or worse) right next to your home. What can you do to stop it?
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Professional Negligence
Professional negligence describes a situation where someone who owes you a duty of skill and care fails to perform in accordance with that duty, and you suffer loss as a result. The duty may be owed by any professional, but claims are most commonly made against solicitors, accountants, architects, valuers and surveyors. Claims against members of the medical and related professions (eg dentists) are usually described as clinical negligence, and are the subject of a separate note. 
 
Family Matters
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Relationship Breakdown – Divorce Procedure
From April 6 2011 all separating couples will have to at least show that they have been in contact with an accredited mediator and have considered how mediation might work for them. If, having considered mediation, they reject the option, then they will still have the option of taking the matter to court.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Relationship Breakdown - Orders for Financial Provision
Issues relating to shared assets (eg the matrimonial home) and ongoing financial arrangements eg maintenance for children are possibly the most complex aspect of any divorce settlement. If the parties are unable to reach agreement on the divison of assets and financial provision, the Court has wide powers under Section 25 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 to deal with the parties’ financial matters. This is called 'ancillary relief'.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Relationship Breakdown – Orders Relating to Pensions
A pension is a future asset of a party as well as a future source of income, and as such will be taken into account in a financial settlement. It is a particularly complex area of any financial settlement on divorce or separation, and needs extremely careful consideration before any final agreement is made. In almost every case it will be wise to instruct a solicitor to help you.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Civil Partnerships
The Civil Partnership Act 2004 came into operation on 5 December 2005 and enables a same-sex couple to register as civil partners of each other. 
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) What To Do When Someone Dies
When someone dies there are many decisions and arrangements to be made and sadly, these have to be made at a time of personal distress. Some of these things can be done by a close relative or friend; others need to be done by the executor or administrator of the estate.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Sharing Property with the Elderly
Sharing a property with an elderly relative may seem to be the perfect answer to rising property prices, and concerns over care for the elderly, but people contemplating such an arrangement should be aware of the legal and practical problems which may arise. There are a number of different ways to share property, but an equal number of pitfalls, whether legal, financial or relating to tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Helping Your Children Buy a Home
Many parents seeing their children struggle to buy a house – either through lack of capital for a deposit, or the inability to meet monthly mortgage payments – will want to help. There are many ways in which to offer help, but an equal number of pitfalls, whether legal, financial or relating to tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Non-Domiciled Individuals
This factsheet sets out the rules which deal with the taxation in the UK of income arising outside the UK, for non UK domiciled individuals.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Sale of Goods Claims
The UK law on sale of goods has evolved over many years and is now set out in a series of statutes.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Making an Inheritance Act Claim to Challenge a Will or the Rules of Intestacy
Generally speaking, we are all free to dispose of our assets as we want to. However, the law does provide protection for people who have been financially dependant on the deceased. This protection comes in the shape of the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975; known as the Inheritance Act.
 
Wills and Inheritance Tax
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Why Make a Will? 52% of the population haven’t done it!
Making a Will is one of the most fundamental aspects of estate planning, yet many people do not appreciate its importance.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Inheritance Tax - A Summary
Inheritance tax (IHT) is levied on a person’s estate when they die, and certain gifts made during an individual's lifetime. We give guidance on some of the main opportunities for minimising the impact of the tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Lasting Power of Attorney
Individuals can make a lasting power of attorney (LPA) which enables them to choose a person to make decisions regarding their health and welfare, and/or their finances.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) What To Do When Someone Dies
When someone dies there are many decisions and arrangements to be made and sadly, these have to be made at a time of personal distress. Some of these things can be done by a close relative or friend; others need to be done by the executor or administrator of the estate.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Making an Inheritance Act Claim to Challenge a Will or the Rules of Intestacy
Generally speaking, we are all free to dispose of our assets as we want to. However, the law does provide protection for people who have been financially dependant on the deceased. This protection comes in the shape of the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975; known as the Inheritance Act.
 
Criminal Offences
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) How Do I Avoid a Speeding Conviction?
There is only one safe and reliable way of avoiding a speeding conviction, which is to ensure that you never drive above the speed limit. However many people will at times inadvertently creep over the limit, and if this applies to you then the advice given here will help you minimise the chances of being convicted of speeding. This does not mean that we advocate people driving in excess of the speed limit.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) How to Avoid Being Convicted of Drink Driving
People convicted of drink driving must be banned from driving by the courts for at least six months. They also face additional sanctions such as a fine or community service, or even the risk of a prison sentence. Given such serious penalties it is worth taking steps to avoid being convicted of such an offence.
 
Personal Tax
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Taxation of the Family
Individuals are subject to a system of independent taxation so husbands and wives are taxed separately. This can give rise to valuable tax planning opportunities. Furthermore, the tax position of any children is important.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Charitable Giving
If you are thinking of making a gift to charity, this factsheet summarises how to make tax-effective gifts.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Enterprise Investment Scheme
The purpose of the Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) is to help certain types of small higher-risk unquoted trading companies to raise capital. It does so by providing income tax and CGT reliefs for investors in qualifying shares in these companies.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Venture Capital Trusts
Venture Capital Trusts (VCTs) are complementary to the Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS), in that both are designed to encourage private individuals to invest in smaller high-risk unquoted trading companies affected by the equity gap.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Property Investment - Tax Aspects
Investment in property has been and continues to be a popular form of investment by many people. This factsheet summarises the main tax issues.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Individual Savings Accounts
Successive governments, concerned at the relatively low level of savings in the UK economy have over the years introduced various means by which individuals can save through a tax-free environment.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Personal Tax - Self Assessment
Under the self assessment regime an individual is responsible for ensuring that their tax liability is calculated and any tax owing is paid on time.
 
Capital Taxes
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Trusts
Trusts are a long established mechanism which allows individuals to benefit from the assets without assuming the legal ownership of those assets so that others (the trustees) have day to day control over the assets. A trust can be extremely flexible and have an existence totally independent of the person who established it and those who benefit from it.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Capital Gains Tax
A capital gain arises when certain capital (or 'chargeable') assets are sold at a profit. The gain is the sale proceeds (net of selling costs) less the purchase price (including acquisition costs).
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Inheritance Tax – A Summary
Inheritance tax (IHT) is levied on a person’s estate when they die, and certain gifts made during an individual's lifetime. We give guidance on some of the main opportunities for minimising the impact of the tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Stamp Duty Land Tax
Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) was introduced on 1 December 2003 and replaced Stamp Duty in respect of land transactions. This factsheet sets out some of the basic things you need to know about the tax.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Capital Gains Tax and the Family Home
The capital gains tax (CGT) exemption for gains made on the sale of your home is one of the most valuable reliefs from which many people benefit during their lifetime.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Inheritance Tax Avoidance – Pre-Owned Assets
Inheritance tax (IHT) was introduced approximately 30 years ago and broadly charges to tax certain lifetime gifts of capital and estates on death.
 
Specialist Areas
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Charities: Trustees' Responsibilities
It is often considered an honour to act as a trustee for a charity and an opportunity to give something back to the community. However, becoming a trustee involves a certain commitment and level of responsibility which should not be underestimated.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Community Amateur Sports Clubs
Since April 2002, many local amateur sports clubs have been able to register with the Revenue as Community Amateur Sports Clubs (CASCs) and benefit from a range of tax reliefs including Gift Aid.
 
Consumer Rights
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) How to Deal with Rogue Contractors
Embarking on building works or home improvements can be an expensive and time-consuming business, so it is important to plan carefully in order to avoid any additional problems, such as disputes with the contractor – and should the worst happen, to make sure the appropriate steps are taken to rectify the situation.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Encountering Problems with your Estate Agent
Moving house is a momentous - and at times stressful - life event, and many people looking to buy and sell property engage the services of an estate agent to help make the process run as smoothly as possible. Nevertheless, things don't always go according to plan. Buying and selling property represents a significant financial (and emotional) investment, so it is important to put in place measures to reduce the likelihood of any issues arising, and to know where to ...
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Considering Timeshare Agreements
Buying a timeshare involves procuring the right to spend a specified period of time in an overseas property, such as a studio apartment or villa within a holiday resort, on an annual basis.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Preventing Identity Fraud
Identity fraud is one of the fastest growing crimes in the UK. According to Home Office statistics an estimated 100,000 people are affected by the offence every year, leading to annual losses of more than £1.7 billion. A series of high-profile data breaches have fuelled concerns over the scale of the threat, bringing the issue firmly into the public domain.
 
Personal Injury
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Personal Injury Claims
If you have been injured in an accident, whether at work, in a public place, or in a vehicle, or even as a result of using some faulty equipment, you might be entitled to claim compensation for those injuries.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Road Traffic Accident Claims
If you have been injured in a road traffic accident while travelling in a vehicle as a passenger or a driver, or as a pedestrian or cyclist, you might be entitled to claim compensation for those injuries.
 
 This document is locked, you will need to be registered and logon to view it(Locked) Medical or Clinical Negligence Claims
If you have received medical treatment in the UK with an adverse or unexpected end result then you might be entitled to make a claim for compensation for your losses and injuries. 
 

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